Terminology

Basic Terminology – Learn all about the basic words you hear every day at a horse farm. Mare, Gaits, Tack, Stallion, Sound, Lunge, Filly, Foal, Pony…etc.

It’s important for you to learn the basic nomenclature of the sport that you are about to begin.

When you first show up on the farm it may seem like they are speaking in a foreign language.

Don’t let this intimidate you, or be afraid to ask any questions on some words or terms that you may not understand.

Every sport has their own language and horseback riding is not any different.

A gelding is a male horse that has been castrated. A stud still has all his parts. A mare is a female horse.

Always be careful around any horse but I recommend you do not spend time alone with any studs.

Baby horses have thier own list of names.

A Filly is a female baby, a Colt is a male baby, a Foal is a baby horse, male or female. They are all usually under one years old.

A pony is a term used for a small horse, there are many different breeds of ponies.

Gaits is another term you will be subjected to. At a horse farm they’re referring to the manner in which a horse is moving.

Some gaits that horses will use are walking, trotting, cantering to name a few.

Tack is the equipment that is used when you ride.  The saddle, bridle and girth are all part of the horses Tack.

There are over 350 horse breeds in the world today.

Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Morgan and Paint are just a few of the names you will probably hear.

I hope this partial list of terms will help you to begin to understand what you are hearing at a horse farm.

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